IVF TREATMENT

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IVF TREATMENT

In a normal pregnancy, male sperm penetrates into a woman’s egg and fertilizes it in her body after spawning when a mature egg is released from the ovaries. The fertilized egg then nests in the uterine wall. In other words, the new cell (zigot) formed by the combination of sperm and ooocitin after sexual intercourse settles in the womb of the mother-to-be. Here, the zigot, which divides and multiplies, develops, allowing the formation of the fetus. In conditions where it is desirable to have children but pregnancy does not occur naturally, a solution can be produced with IVF treatment. Ivf method is usually preferred as a result of the fact that despite unprotected union in more than 1 year, pregnancy situation does not occur. IVF treatment is performed by classical IVF or microinjection (ICSI) methods according to the fertilization of the ovaries.

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IVF TREATMENT IS PREFERRED IN CERTAIN SITUATIONS?

  • Fallopian tube damage or obstruction: Damage or obstruction of the fallopian tube makes it difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to go to the uterus.
  • Ovulation disorders: Low ovarian reserve Anovulation accounts for 5-25% of the causes of infertility. The absence of ovulation in a woman can be determined by ultrasonography (USG) and ovulation follow-up or by looking at progesterone hormone levels (in the 19th and 23rd days of menstruation) in serum. At USG, the fact that the egg does not grow or the recurrent progesterone measurements are below 3 mg/ml indicates that there is no ovulation.
  • Uterine fibroids: Myomas are benign tumors in the uterine wall and are common in women in their 30s and 40s. Myomas can interfere with implantation of fertilized eggs.
  • Impaired sperm production or function: Below-average sperm concentration, poor movement of sperm (poor mobility), inability to population cervical mucus, inability to survive or abnormalities in sperm size and shape.
  • Unexplained infertility: Unexplained infertility means that despite evaluation for common causes, there is no cause of infertility.
  • A genetic disorder: If expectant parents are at risk of passing the genetic disorder on to their children, they can apply for preimplantation genetic tests. After the eggs are collected and fertilized in the treatment of IVF, they are screened for some genetic problems; however, not all genetic problems can be found. Embryos without defined genetic disorders can be transferred to the uterus.  Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGT) is a recommended diagnostic method for couples at risk of passing on a serious genetic disease to their children. Thanks to PGT, the embryos of couples with certain genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis and thalassemia can be diagnosed and eliminated in this way without the need to terminate the pregnancy. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis offers an alternative way not only for couples with risks of such genetic diseases, but also for couples who cannot form a healthy pregnancy due to recurrent miscarriages caused by structural chromosome disorders (e.g. translocation, inversion, etc.).