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WHAT IS UROLOGY?
Urology is a branch of medical science that examines male and female reproductive organs and urinary tracts. It examines the diagnosis and treatment process of all diseases related to organs such as kidneys, bladder, ureers, urethra, penis, testicles, scrotum and prostate gland. Urology collects both the infection of the urinary tract and the surgical interventions of the urinary system. The name given to all diseases concerning the reproductive system and urinary tract is known as “urogenital disorders”.
The urology system is especially interested in the system of reproduction and discharge in males. In women, it mostly addresses the diseases of the discharge system. Urology works with the obstetrician because the reproductive system in women needs to be examined as a whole.
UROLOGY SCIENCE BRANCHES?
Andrology: Andrology is one of the sub-branches of urology that deals with sexual dysfunctions. Infertility in men and women’s sexual health are common and studied diseases. In such disorders, basic research such as anatomical, physiological and biochemistry is carried out. The most common complaints about this area are sexual reluctance in men and women, pain syndromes in the reproductive organs, disorders in penis structure and male infertility. Treatments are carried out with endocrinology and psychiatric specialists in diseases with hormonal problems. The solution against male infertility is treatment by IVF method.
Female Urology: It is a subscientism that houses two branches together, urogynecology. Disorders such as sagging of the pelvic organ, incontinence and overactive bladder are dealt with. 60% of women between the ages of 20 and 70 have these diseases. Since the causes of the occurrion of diseases vary according to the person, the decision to be made for treatment also has a personalized tbbi or surgical feature.
Neurourology: It is a subscience branch that examines urinary excretion problems caused by disorders of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves. Necessary treatments are carried out for the diagnosis of diseases that occur as a result of complaints such as urinary problems and frequent urination at night.
Endoureology: It is a subscience branch that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of stones formed in the urinary tract and kidneys. Treatments can be performed in many ways according to the size and frequency of the stones.
Urooncology: It is a subscience branch that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of urological organ cancers such as bladder, kidney, prostate or testicle. If diagnosed early, very good responses to treatments are obtained. A specialist urologist should be consulted for all kinds of urinary disorders such as blood coming from the urine, swelling of the ovaries, pain in the abdominal cavities, even if it is painless.